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Strategies for Dealing with Challenging Behaviour

Positive behaviour management Positive behavioural support is a person-centred approach to people who show or at risk of showing behaviours which are challenging. It involves understanding reasons why an individual may be showing certain challenging behaviours and considering the person which includes their life history, physical needs, emotional needs and any other factors which can have an impact on their behaviour. PBM involves assessing broad social and physical context in which the behaviour occurs and planning and implementing ways of supporting and assisting the person to ensure that their behaviour is improved and to enhance the quality of life for themselves and those around them. An example of this can be that staff in any profession such as teachers may choose to react to challenging behaviour with praise. This encourages the individuals to focus on the good and positive aspects of their behaviour which they may then be more likely to repeat to receive more praise and admiration. As a carer I have the responsibility of ensuring my residents are kept safe and protected so because my resident who suffers from Alzheimers has begun in engaging in behaviour which is harmful and self-destructive I would use positive behaviour management as a way of dealing with this. This would include thoroughly assessing the factors which could be impacting my resident which therefore makes them hurt themselves as a result, this can be something which has happened to them in the care home or something which happened in the past which is the reason behind it. As my resident suffers from Alzheimers disease, this has many symptoms such as confusion, personality changing such as becoming more aggressive, hallucinations so seeing and hearing things that arent there and being delusional so they believe things that arent true as well as low mood or anxiety. All these symptoms can be factors impacting my resident which causes them to therefore harm themselves. This could be out of frustration of not being able to express themselves properly. This strategy is effective when dealing with my resident whos engaging in self-destructive and harmful behaviour. This is because, positive behaviour management involves thoroughly understand why an individual may be showing certain behaviours or actions, this is useful as by knowing what may be impacting them, you can focus on vital needs they may have to help encourage them to stop engaging in such behaviour. Also, by understanding, it may also encourage the resident to therefore feel comfortable and confident in me as their carer as they will know that my job is to help and protect them. This can then better my relationship with the resident and I can ensure that my resident understands engaging in self-destructive behaviour is dangerous and makes things worse. However, this strategy may not be useful when dealing with my resident. This is because, my resident may not wish to cooperate with me which makes it more difficult to understand why my resident may be engaging in self-destructive behaviour. This strategy would then be ineffective as if I dont understand what my resident is going through I wont be certain as to what methods can be used to support and assist the resident. It may also be ineffective as my resident may choose to keep personal things private such as pervious traumas, family history, emotional needs etc which means the help I provide my resident with may not be the help they require, which therefore means its a waste of money and time as it may not positively impact my resident due to them not needing it.

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